- Nail polish
Do you want to know if you have allergy to nail products? Maybe you just painted your nails with permanent polish or had your acrylic nails done at a salon and it made you react.
Swelling, redness, sting Yes itch are the main symptoms of an allergic reaction to nail products. In this article, we help you a little understand what could have happened and what you can do if it happens to you.
NOTE: this text is only informative, if you think you are having an allergic reaction you should consult your doctor or dermatologist.
What is a nail product allergy?
Nail cosmetics include nail polish, nail polish remover, cuticle remover, and artificial nail builders (gel, acrylic, polygel, and tips). Some people may be sensitive to more than one chemical in these products.
This can cause contact dermatitis allergic or irritant around the area of the nails Yes fingers. It can also cause dermatitis around areas we normally touch, such as the eyelids, mouth, chin or neck.
Allergy to nail cosmetics can also lead to more serious conditions that severely damage your nails.
What are the allergens in nail cosmetics?
1. Nail polish.
Nail polishes are probably the most widely used nail cosmetics. They include base coats and top coats made up of similar chemicals but in different concentrations.
The chemical that causes the most reactions is formaldehyde resin. Other dermatitis is due to an allergy to solvents. The allergic reaction is more common with wet enamel, but some patients may also react to dry enamel.
Discoloration of the nail surface (especially around the cuticle area) caused by dyes may occur.
Permanent enamels also contain acrylates which are highly allergenic components.
These are products that are applied before permanent enamels and construction products. They serve to dehydrate the nails and improve adhesion. Among its components are HEMAs or different types of acrylates.
2. Nail polish remover
Solvents (removals) used in nail polish removers include acetone, alcohol and amyl, butyl or ethyl acetate. They are mixed with synthetic oils and are used to remove nail polish from the surface of the nail plate.
They can irritate and dry the nail surface and surrounding skin. If used in excess, they can cause drought Yes fragility nails
3. Cuticle removers
These are liquids or creams that contain chemicals to destroy the skin around the cuticle. If applied and left on too long, they can cause irritant contact dermatitis.
Allergic reaction after using dipping powder
4. Sculpted nail builders.
There are two types, the first is tip nails and the second is sculpted nails.
Artificial nails (tips) use a acrylic glue to adhere to the nail surface. Glue based on methacrylate. Another stronger adhesive used is ethyl 2-cyanoacrylate which can cause onycholysis.
Sculpted nails are an alternative and increasingly popular method of building long, hard nails.
The acrylates They can cause two rare but very serious reactions: tingling, itching and even nail loss.
Serious diseases that can cause nail allergy
What are the symptoms of allergy to nail cosmetics?
Allergic reactions to nail cosmetics usually appear as redness and swelling at your fingertips.
there may be one inflammation strong and redness of the region in a few hours. There may also be a eruption after one or two days after contact. Affected skin may be red, swollen and blisters or dry and with sores.
In addition to dermatitis, some ingredients may also cause secondary nail infections. Nails, nail deformation, tingling, burning, stinging… (see previous image). These conditions can be very painful and long lasting.
Possible allergic reaction (already cured) to nail polish
Am I allergic to nail cosmetics?
Cosmetic nail allergy is diagnosed carry out special allergy tests. Many allergens are present in nail products.
If you think you are allergic to nail cosmetics You should consult your doctor.
What is the treatment for nail allergy?
The first thing is to determine which component(s) is causing the allergy. This is achieved with allergy tests. While you are waiting for the results of these tests, you should not use cosmetic nail products.
The dermatitis should disappear quickly once exposure to the allergen ceases; unless there is a secondary infection. the corticosteroid creams with or without antibiotics can speed healing.
Treatment of dermatitis caused by nail cosmetics on other parts of the body can be treated like any other dermatitis/eczema. This may include treatment with corticosteroids.
Secondary infections may require more aggressive treatment. In some cases, the artificial nail can create a hard, irremovable layer over the swollen, throbbing nail. Ice packs and treatment with sedatives and corticosteroid creams may be needed.
What to do to avoid nail allergies?
If you are allergic to nail cosmetics, the best way to avoid any problems is to avoid all products containing the allergen to which you are sensitive.
That is why it is important to determine the allergen and to know the ingredients of the glazes that you are going to use.
Nailistas permanent enamel is without 12
Are there hypoallergenic nail polishes?
Hypoallergenic means it has Low risk produce allergies. Today there is a wide variety of 12 free enamels, among which are the Nailistas permanent enamels.
There are many products that have eliminated certain allergens but still contain others. The most important thing to avoid reactions is to know what components you are allergic to and to look at the composition of the product you are going to buy.
What is 12 free?
enamels 12 free They do not contain DBP, toluene, formaldehyde, camphor, TPP, MEHQ, formaldehyde resin, parabens, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone or gluten and are not tested on animals.
Let a frosting be 12 free does not mean that it is free from reactions, a person may be allergic to other chemicals present in this product.
The nail polish the use of polyester resin or cellulose acetate butyrate may be an alternative, but sensitivity is still possible. These alternatives are also less resistant and resistant than enamels made with a formaldehyde resin.