A huge statue was found submerged more than a meter deep in a muddy, semi-flooded hole in a Cairo neighborhood. According to experts, it is probably Pharaoh Ramses II, who ruled Egypt 3,000 years ago.
Egyptian and German archaeologists visited the site, located in Mattarya, site of the ancient pharaonic capital of Heliopolis and now a sprawl of lower-middle-class neighborhoods in northeast Cairo.
For researchers, the colossal monument discovered on a vacant lot between dilapidated buildings, it represents Ramses II (nicknamed “The Great”), one of the the most important egyptian pharaohs, who ruled the country between 1279 BC. C. and 1213 ac
The bust and several fragments of the statue’s head are made of quartzite, a hard stone composed mainly of grains of quartz.
Although the carvings on the statue could not be fully identified, it was found at the entrance to the Temple of King Ramses II, also known as the Ramses the Greatwhich suggests that he represents him.
On the site, another relic was also found, a limestone statue of the King Seti IIgrandson of Ramses II, ruler of the 12th century BC. and 19th Dynasty pharaoh.
Besides the bust of the statue of Ramses and the lower part of the head, another fragment with the right ear and a fraction of the right eye was found.
Ramses the GreatHe was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. He led several military expeditions and expanded the Egyptian empire to stretch from Syria in the east to Nubia in the south. His successors called him the “Great Ancestor”. During his reign he built many temples and other buildings commemorating his legacy and figure.
Relief of Ramesses II at the Battle of Kadesh. public domain
He temple of the sun in heliopolis, founded by Ramses II, was one of the largest temples in Egypt, almost twice the size of Karnak of Luxor, but was destroyed in Greco-Roman times. Many of his obelisks were moved to Alexandria or Europe and stones from the site were looted and used for building as Cairo developed.
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