A comet will pass near Earth for the first time in 50,000 years


What if you could witness a astronomical event Who was last seen by Neanderthals? Well, we’re in luck, because a comet that crossed the earth 50,000 years agowill do it again this next month and will be visible to the naked eye.

The comet, which was named C/2022 E3 (ZTF), is approaching our planet after 50 millennia and we will be able to see it relatively easily. Astronomers assured that its trajectory it will first go towards the Sun and then it will turn towards the Earth.

NASA reported in late December that since March of last year, the comet has brightened considerably and is currently circling Earth. corona borealis constellationin the sky of the northern hemisphere.

The experts had confused first with an asteroid since the gas clouds surrounding it They made you believe it was. However, it was later correctly identified as a comet.

During its journey through the inner solar system, the comet will find itself in the perigeeits closest point to our planet around the February 1st.

Her majestic green glow will be inside 0.28 astronomical units Of the earth. This would be the equivalent of approximately 40 million kilometersaround.

Virtual Telescope Project Live Stream. Credit: Virtual Telescope Project.

Experts expect C/2022 E3 (ZTF) to reach, at least, a magnitude of +6 at the time of its perigee, which is the “limit of what the human eye can seeor even slightly brighter when closest to Earth,” he said. Tania from Sales Marquesastronomer at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, UK.

Note that +2 magnitude objects are much brighter greater than one of magnitude +8, for example. Robert Massyof the Royal Astronomical Society of the United Kingdom, explained that the maximum luminosity that the comet will reach, according to astronomical calculations, will be one +4.7 magnitudearound February 1.

Comet C/2022 E3 (ZTF) captured from Engelhardsberg (Germany). The celestial body has a wide, short tail of greenish dust and a long, wispy ion tail.

Even if, in theory, the object will be at a distance that will be possible see easilythe correct way to observe it will depend on our environment and its variableslike the amount of light, the cloudiness, the clarity of where we are looking at it, and obviously where we are.

By zones, if it is observed from the northern hemisphere, the comet will be perfectly visible at the end of January. If you look at it from the southern hemisphere, it is better to see it at the beginning of February.

Regarding the time zone, the best time to see the comet would be in the early in the morninga few hours before dawn.

Experts recommend using binoculars for beginners who want to see the comet because they are easy to use. The telescope provides a clearer view, but its field of view is much smaller. Now, most likely, we will be able to see it with the naked eye by the second week of February.

The comet would be visible to the naked eye, although binoculars or telescopes could be used.

However, for those who do not want to leave their homes at dawn, the Virtual Telescope Project began streaming for free and live on the comet from 11:00 p.m. ET from January 12 or 4:00 a.m. GMT from January 13.

Once again, astronomy enthusiasts will be able to witness an event that is unique and that may take thousands of years to happen again.

References: Clarin / Space.

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