A small Peruvian town has witnessed one of the most important archaeological discoveries in recent years. We refer to discovery of human remains with characteristics very particular, since it is a woman with an elongated skull.
According to the opinion of the archaeologists in charge of the project, it is possible that this woman was the ruler of a civilization that existed 3 thousand years ago.
A rather interesting approach, considering that until recently it was believed that during the process of forming societies there were no elite groups, let alone social classes.
The truth is that the discovery of the tomb of the woman with the elongated skull caused a sensation in the international archaeological community. Some members of said community do not end up accepting the evidence found in the Pacopampa complex. But the evidence obtained from the site speaks for itself.
Elongated skull found in Peru. Credit: Infobae
The Lady of Pacopampa: A woman with an elongated skull
A group of Japanese archaeologists teamed up with experts from the University of San Marcos in Peru and together they formed the Pacopampa Archaeological Project, working under the direction of Yujji Seki, a renowned archaeologist of Japanese descent.
After several years of hard work and numerous excavations, the team finally found the tomb of a woman with an elongated skull, her remains dating back around 3,000 years. They decided to baptize her affectionately “The Lady of Pacopampato be in the place that bears the same name.
The tomb where the human remains of this important personage were found, It was at a depth of 2.10 meters. Perhaps that is why it was not looted and the items inside the tomb were well preserved, despite the fact that thousands of years have passed since the burial.
A discovery of great importance for universal history!
Inside the tomb, archaeologists managed to salvage several materials which were then sent for analysis. between them they found ceramics, animal bones, metals, human bones and some minerals. However, incalculable historical value is attributed to human remains belonging to a woman, especially because of their characteristics.
The funerary furnishings of the “Lady of Pacopampa” included various gold objects, such as earrings, necklaces, plaques, ceramics and jewelry. Infographic courtesy of El Comercio.
The researchers detailed the characteristics of the skeleton found in Pacopampa: “It corresponds to that of a woman, with a Approximate height of 1 meter 55, strangely tall for the time in which he lived. The age at the time of his death has been calculated between 25 and 45 years old.
There are two things that have powerfully caught the attention of archaeologists, first a deformation of the skull, which according to investigator Yuji Seki must have been planned by the family. The other relevant aspect is that the remains had been coated in different shades of colors, red and blue.
These two elements indicate that this woman was an important ruler, or perhaps a priestess of great influence over a civilization that existed 3,000 years ago. Without a doubt, these details reveal a new way of apprehending the period corresponding to the period of formation of the first societies, particularly in Mesoamerican territory.
The woman with the elongated skull was ready to be the leader or leader of her people
Illustrative image of the “Lady of Pacopampa”. Credit: Trade.
The head of the Pacopampa archaeological project, Yuji Seki,He hypothesizes that the woman with the elongated skull has been groomed to be the leader of her nation. Shortly after the anthropologist kazuhiro uzawa confirms the theory of Seki, with a solid argumentative explanation.
According to the Japanese expert, this The skull lengthening process was accomplished by placing splints on the back of the head. Beginning just a few days after the birth of the girl and peaking at 3 years old, because during this time the brain mass could achieve considerable growth.
In this way the girl who was just born already had a destiny established, which he was able to accomplish when he reached adulthood. He may have then become an important figure in his city, whether in the religious or political field.
You might also be interested in: Ancient elongated skull with pyrite encrustations in the teeth found at Teotihuacán.
In addition, the fact that the bones had blue pigmentation, possibly a substance of mineral origin, as well as red cinnabar, They are a representation of the custom that the civilization of ancient Peru, to bury its leaders in that distant time.
As a conclusive result of the discovery of “The Lady of Pacopampa“, the experts assure that, “Yes, there were elitist social classes 3 thousand years ago». It is therefore necessary -by scholars- to reconsider certain historical points of view related to Mesoamerican cultures, because there is now a new understanding of them.
References: Perú Folklorico / El Comercio / National Geographic.
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