The mysteries that a space occupation of Mercury is slow to uncover

Launch of BepiColombo

The occupation, with which the European Space Agency (ESA) is flying to Mercury for the first time, is “a good model of cooperation” for the military director of this structure.

The spacecraft, which began its delirium towards Mercury on Saturday, will take seven years to reach the smallest and least explored planet in the solar system. This space step is a joint achievement of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Jaxa) and the European Space Agency (ESA).

This is the third occupation (BepiColombo site) in human history to visit the planet closest to the Sun. The plan was admitted by both ESA and Jaxa in 2007.

What does science want to discover with this illusion? The spacecraft’s route shows BepiColombo will pass Beauty twice, then fly past Mercury six times before entering range in December 2025.

When that happens, the space occupation will launch two different probes it carries: ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbital Module and Jaxa’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbital Module.

The first will study Mercury’s surface and internal composition to determine the iron content of the planet and determine why its center is partially pointed, and the second will collect data on the planet’s magnetosphere.

In addition to this, answers from BepiColombo are expected which will help to better understand the formation and expansion of our solar system and which will be used further to study with Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity.

Pierre Bousquet, head of the French contribution plan at BepiColombio, says Mercury is “strangely” small. This peculiarity suggests that this planet was injured by a large object in its youth.

“You see a huge crater on its surface that could be the scar of this disaster,” Bousquet said, and BepiColombo will try to verify that.

The challenges of occupation.

The delirium that this spacecraft must lead to hit Mercury requires more energy than a delirium at Pluto because of the aggravation that the Sun exerts on the rocket.

On top of that, temperatures on Mercury range from -180 degrees below zero to 430 degrees below zero. The solar trajectory can reach 400 kilometers per second, two reasons that explain the difficulty and the fact that this planet is less explored.

However, ESA and Jaxa said they innovated multi-layer insulation and thermal coatings.

As for the financial stakes of the plan, the ESA, made up of 22 countries, designed the occupation and contributed 1,383 to it at a cost of 1,735 million. The Japanese agency contributed another 120 million.

“That’s a lot of rooms, but each European citizen only pays 10 euros a year for the European Space Agency. It’s comparable to a movie ticket,” said Günter Hasinger, head of the tested software.

With agency information

Original Spanish content

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