The mysteries a Mercury space task delayed uncovering

Launch of BepiColombo

The task, with which the European Space Agency (ESA) flies to Mercury for the first time, is “a good model of cooperation” for the universal director of this structure.

The ship, which began its hallucination of Mercury on Saturday, will take seven years to conquer the smallest and least explored planet in the solar system. This space step is a joint achievement of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Jaxa) and the European Space Agency (ESA).

This is the third task (called BepiColombo) in the history of mankind that travels to the planet closest to the Sun. The thesis was sufficient by both ESA and Jaxa in 2007.

What does science want to discover with this hallucination? The spacecraft’s route shows that BepiColombo will pass Hermosura twice, then fly with Mercury six times before entering the trajectory in December 2025.

When this happens, the space task will launch two different probes it carries: ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbital Module and Jaxa’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbital Module.

The first will study Mercury’s surface and internal composition to determine the iron content of the planet and determine why its center is partly liquor, and the second will collect data on the planet’s magnetosphere.

On the other hand, answers are expected from BepiColombo that will help to better understand the formation and growth of our solar system and that will also serve to suffer with Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity.

Pierre Bousquet, thesis director of the French contribution to BepiColombio, says that Mercury is “strangely” small. This peculiarity suggests that this planet has been abused by an object tycoon in his inexperience.

“You see a huge crater on its surface that could be the scar of this disaster,” Bousquet said, and BepiColombo will try to verify that.

The stakes of the task.

The hallucination this spacecraft must perform to reach Mercury requires more energy than a hallucination of Pluto due to the engagement the Sun exerts on the rocket.

On the other hand, temperatures on Mercury range from -180 degrees below zero to 430 degrees below zero. The solar trajectory can reach 400 kilometers per second, two reasons that explain the difficulty and the fact that this planet is less explored.

Without lockdown, ESA and Jaxa said they innovated multi-layer insulation and thermal coatings.

Regarding the financial stakes of the thesis, the ESA, composed of 22 countries, designed the task and contributes 1,383 at a cost of 1,735 million. The Japanese agency contributed another 120 million.

“It’s a lot of money, but each European citizen only pays 10 euros a year for the European Space Agency. It’s comparable to a cinema ticket,” says Günter Hasinger, head of wise software.

With agency information

Original Spanish content

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