The Red Queen of Palenque – Mystery Science


the old The Mayan civilization continues to amaze the world with its riches archaeological sites and an invaluable historical contribution to today’s universal culture. Especially for one of the most important discoveries made in recent years, in the mythical city of Palenque.

There, in the ruins of the legendary Mayan capital, a burial chamber was discovered where the remains of the mysterious Red Queen lay. According to the opinion of the archaeologists in charge of the excavations, it is the “greatest treasure discovered in the historic city of Palenque”.

Why the name ‘Red Queen’ of Palenque?

Around this important discovery there is a whole mystery which, to date, has not been solved and, perhaps, remains unsolved. It is known that the skeleton found in the sarcophagus corresponds to that of a woman who belonged to the nobility of the Maya civilization. But, his name is unknown.

When the researchers managed to open the tomb – impressively beautiful – they came across human remains surrounded by various objects, all covered with red cinnabar powder. Therefore, the experts decided to call her the Red Queen of Palenque, as she is known until now.

The remains of the Mayan aristocrat were discovered with a layer of red mineral called cinnabar and with around 700 pieces of jade.

The monumentality of his tomb, the great wealth of his outfit, the cranial deformity –a common trait among members of the Mayan nobility– and the slight deterioration of her teeth, which reflects a healthy and elaborate diet, are strong indications that this woman belonged to the elite of Palenque.

Characteristics of the burial enclosure

Archaeologists describe the location of the burial chamber as, a sepulcher of extraordinary beauty never seen before. The garments that decorated the skeleton included precious shells, bone needles, jade, and an astonishing collection of pearls fit for a queen.

The Red Queen’s face was covered with a death mask, made of pieces of malachite, obsidian and jade.

Likewise, the skull could be seen to have a very fine ornament, a sort of crown made of flat jade beads. A few flat shards of jade and obsidian neatly covered the woman’s chest.

The Red Queen’s funeral trousseau consists of seven pieces: mask, diadem, necklace, pectoral, headdress, shell and figurine. Credit: April Buendia, INAH.

Also they have very precious things inside the coffin, stands out for example a seashell. With the Red Queen of Palenque, there was a young woman and a child – in the same tomb – who could be her servants. Perhaps he was buried with the aristocrat to accompany him on his journey to the afterlife.

3D image of the tomb of the Red Queen found in 1994 inside Temple XIII of the archaeological zone of Palenque. Along with her, a child and a woman were found sacrificed to be her companions in the afterlife.

Tests to determine your identity

After entering the tomb and gaining access to the Red Queen’s remains, experts They transferred his bones to the laboratory which belongs to the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico. Among other things, various pieces of pottery found in the tomb were analyzed.

As a result, it was obtained that the woman was 1.54 meters tall and lived around the years 600 and 700 AD. has been tested for carbon 14 and with the help of technology facial reconstruction was performed. Thus, experts have established that the Red Queen had a death caused by osteoporosis at the age of 60.

Unfortunately, nothing has been obtained to reveal his name, however, judging by the time he lived, researchers believe that it was about Tzak-bu Ajaw, who was the mayan king’s wife Pakal.

Thanks to the genetic tests carried out, the experts determined that the queen was from the nearby town of Tokhtan or Ox te’kúb and came to Palenque to marry Pakal I in the year 626, perhaps with the aim of strengthening the political alliances between the two kingdoms.

Javiera Cervini, expert in environmental geochemistry at the Autonomous Metropolitan University (UAM), pointed out that for at least 1,300 years the cinnabar allowed to protect biological materialpreventing the growth of bacteria and allowing the protection of the genetic information contained in the cells, which made it possible to find the collagen fibers present in the vertebrae and from which the intact DNA was obtained.

A comparison of the Red Queen’s DNA with that of her children would be definitive proof of this identification, however, the tombs of these rulers have yet to be discovered.

THE ARTICLE HAS BEEN PLAGIATED TO WIN THIS AWE B IMMEDIATELY. YOU CAN READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE IN Mystery Science.  report
THE ARTICLE HAS BEEN PLAGIATED TO WIN THIS AWE B IMMEDIATELY. YOU CAN READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE IN Mystery Science.  report
THE ARTICLE HAS BEEN PLAGIATED TO WIN THIS AWE B IMMEDIATELY. YOU CAN READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE IN Mystery Science.  report
THE ARTICLE HAS BEEN PLAGIATED TO WIN THIS AWE B IMMEDIATELY. YOU CAN READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE IN Mystery Science.  report

Palenque: legendary city of the Mayas

The imposing and mythical Palenque, was called in the Mayan language Lakamha What does mean “great waters». Its construction dates back to the 3rd century BC, and it was inhabited approximately until the end of the 8th century AD.

Palenque, Chiapas, is one of the most remarkable cities of the Mayan culture. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987.

Throughout this time it has been the politico-administrative capital of the Empire, in addition to being the main bastion of power for various kings and queens of the Maya civilization. The ruins of this important ancient city are located in the current state of Chiapas, covering a total area of ​​2.5 square kilometers.

You may also be interested: The mysterious inscriptions on the lid of the tomb of Pakal, the Mayan king.

According to the estimates of many archaeologists who at different times worked on the excavations of the ancient city of Palenque, to date only 10% of the surface has been explored. This means that there are still many treasures to be discovered.

Today the remains of the unknown Red Queen rest again in Palenque. But not in its original niche, due to very high humidity in the pyramid. Despite this event, thousands of visitors come each year to visit one of the most spectacular and fascinating sites linked to the Mayan culture.

Although the identity of this important Maya ruler is still part of the mystery; the archaeological discovery of the Red Queen has opened new perspectives in the knowledge of funerary practices practiced by the ancient Mayas in the city of Palenque. Also, the analysis of the materials of mask of the enigmatic Red Queen of Palenque, concluded that she had attained a status equal to that of her husband, King Pakal; something difficult at that time.

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