At first glance, it may seem that deserts are nothing special in the depths of the sand. However, some archaeologists have dared to conduct research in the deep central Sahara located in Niger, a country in Africa.
An extremely arid land full of dangers
In the African lands there is one of the most amazing deserts that have existed in the world. In fact, it is characterized by a place of very difficult access.
For this reason, few visitors have had the opportunity to enjoy the magnificent view offered by this grandiose site. It is said that to reach this place it will take cross many obstacles on the wayand some of them are insurmountable.
What hurdles do travelers have to overcome?
In order to carry out any excursion, all travelers must face the terrible scorching heat, as well as the imminent danger of strong winds.
Two factors that could drain the energy of anyone trying to visit this place, which has many characteristics that would leave us more than impressed. Additionally, there are a few large sand formations that make it difficult to pass in a big way.
A worthwhile reward
Ruins of Djado seen from below. Credit: Wikimedia Commons
By overcoming the obstacles on the way and reaching the interior of the desert, the panorama that can be seen from this place is truly magnificent. In the middle of the barren land that seemed lifeless, now you can see nail amazing ruins of an ancient fortified city which was abandoned centuries ago.
When were the Djado structures created?
This desolate city appears to have been built around 800 to 1,000 years ago. Some researchers have concluded that the structures were built at a time when this part of the desert was not so arid. It is said that the center of the Sahara was a moist, fertile and remarkable land for being wooded.
The impressive construction of the Djado
The ancient inhabitants of the city built buildings of different heights that leave between them a complex maze of alleys and corridors.
Looking at ancient ruins, anyone might have a lot of questions that will surely go unanswered. Djada is also known as “Ksar”. It seems to be made up of a group of houses built around a square which functioned as a reserve of food.
What about the fort that protected the city? The place was covered with trunks of palm trees, these pieces of wood were covered in adobe mud, which gave them incredible hardness. The Djado is distinguished from the Ksars by the large size of the fortification.
What do we know about the inhabitants of Djado?
In fact, if a little is known about the last settlers who lived there in the recent past. But it is completely unknown who built this impressive city which is currently a complex of abandoned buildings.
It seems that the history of the important construction of Djado has disappeared over the years, leaving no trace of its creators. So that today it has become a mystery that may never be discovered.
Over time, the living conditions in the little paradise have changed to such an extent that it has become very hostile. This region has become much more arid, and it seems that the inhabitants they decided to leave because the water was no longer cleanbecome salty.
The end of an extraordinary city
Different theories have been put forward about this event. The first includes a terrible mosquito infestation. At one point, it seems, the infestation became an unbearable burden, leaving residents with no choice but to flee.
Another theory includes worsening desertification that eventually became a threat to the livelihoods of locals.
And a third theory posits that the conflicts between tribes in the region (toubous Yes Tuaregs) generated frequent massacres and incessant looting that could have led to the destruction of the peoples of the plateau.
However, so far archaeologists and experts have not reached a consensus on what really happened.
A fertile and fruitful place
The whole place was known for rock art, these paintings depict a very different landscape than you see today. The images of the landscape of this surprising city with Lots of vegetation and a wide variety of animals which are currently unknown.
Through some engravings we discovered that the Djado plateau was a favorable territory. It was not just a region where could be planted and cultivatedbut also many inhabitants raised goats and sheep.
A large number of archaeological artifacts and historical monuments of great cultural and anthropological significance have also been discovered in the region. On the board and aerial mountains Drawings and carvings dating from around 12,000 to 6,000 BC have been found, showing giraffes, elephants, rhinos and large bovids such as buffaloes, which thrived in the land before desiccation rendered the less habitable area.
You might also be interested in: The structure used 2,400 years ago preserved the ice in the desert.
Despite the grandeur of these ruins, which at one time must have been a great empire, the story is a complete enigma. However, the difficulty of reaching the ancient city continues to be a factor that has not favored excavations.
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